Tuesday, 31 January 2012

Get An Anti-Wrinkle Treatment For Your Unhappy Skin

In human body, face can be considered as the identification of personality and age of a person. Everyone wishes to have a delightful, beautiful and youth skin specially on their face. Exercise, good nutrition and a healthy lifestyle are the key factors of a good-looking skin.

However, it is not possible to sustain the same due to wrinkles, a sign of natural ageing process which increases with the age of a human being. Women are always more concerned about their looks in comparison to men. They are more affected by wrinkles after their twenties but it also differs from one to another.

Though, it is not possible to stop this ageing process, however there are options available to remove or prevent the fine lines and wrinkles. It is most important to use the right product and treatment for your face skin as they are more sensitive than other part of your body.

The primary skin care product is sunscreen, which should be used by everyone throughout the year. The UV rays coming from the sun are harmful to skin cells and can cause cancer as well. Therefore, you must start using a good sunscreen lotion/cream to prevent further damage to your skin.

Under Eye Cream is another essential thing you should use to maintain the beauty of your eyes. Dark circles are produced because of unhealthy diet, restless sleep or tension. You should massage this delicate area twice a day. They are also useful in reducing the wrinkles and fine lines around the eyes. Most of the eye creams are made by the natural ingredients to avoid the side effects.

In case, the above mentioned products are not giving the desired outcome, you can consult with a dermatologist and find out the best Anti-wrinkle treatment for you. Micro-dermabrasion, Botox injections, sculptra, laser therapy and hydra fill are most common techniques used for this treatment. According to your skin type and problem you are facing, they will provide you remedies that will help you from wrinkles problem.

Anti-Wrinkle Serum can surprise you with its best results against wrinkles. This is a liquid supplement with more wrinkle fighting components in it. Most of the serums include high concentrations of peptides, a product to protect the collagen and elastin of skin which is required for youthful and elastic look. They may contain invigorate and health improving antioxidants and vitamins. It is less massive than wrinkle creams and easy to use before makeup. If you are not comfortable using serums, you can go for anti-wrinkle creams. They contain moisturizer in it. The purpose of an anti wrinkle cream and serum is same, it is just an individual’s choice to get rid of the aging sign.

Before selecting any treatment, it is important to search for an experienced surgeon/doctor and a well-known clinic/hospital. You can look over the internet for the best consultant or contact someone expertise in this filed. There are lots of people getting the benefit of this modern technology and living a confident, healthy and youthful life.

Child Care Made Essential

Gone are the days when diseases and body malfunctions were age related, but these days with changing climatic conditions and nutrition levels, right from a small kid to the aged adult everybody is prone to diseased and mal health. Adult health care is quiet easy as adults are capable of conveying their health problems, but child care is the most critical as detecting a disorder in children needs great skills and treating them is even more critical. The most common adult problem seen is kidney disorders.

Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment: Nephrotic syndrome is a disorder in which the kidneys get damaged leading to releasing of large amounts of protein into the body. This syndrome can be observed in all age groups right from children to adults. Depending upon the age of the person affected, the Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment is designed. This treatment is focused keeping 3 things in mind i.e. 1. Medicine: individuals with this syndrome many a times face swelling of body parts. Specified medicines cater to first resolving these swelling issues. 2. Change in diet: change in diet is very essential to control the protein leakage happening due to the syndrome. 3. In case of adults, the current body condition plays a very key role in the treatment plan. In other words, in case of adults it is very necessary to know whether they have any other health issues like blood pressure, diabetes etc.

The above mentioned procedure is the first phase of the treatment which may last about 6-15 weeks which is followed by a long ongoing treatment which is the second phase of the treatment. Many doctors say that a proper Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment takes about 2 years to completely cure the individual irrespective of the age.

Acute Emergencies in Children: Children are the most volatile creations. Detecting and treating children is considered to be the most critical task by many doctors. Children don't have the ability to express if they have are facing any abnormality. In such cases it is even more essential to have the ability to identity and cure them. Any paediatrician is trained in to cure certain common Acute Emergencies in Children such as:

1. Persistent fever, stomach pains, difficulty in breathing, infections and allergies, dehydration, asthama attacks etc.
2. Children are generally prone to minor and major injuries like head injuries, burns etc.
3. When a child starts getting teeth, the child faces certain problems.

As these are some of the broad emergencies that children face there are certain care that parents need to follow to handle Acute Emergencies in Children. Some of the tips are:

1. Ensure that certain mandatory children medicines are always available
2. Kids commonly face abdominal pain in such cases attending the pain is of prime importance.
3. Always having a paediatrician one call away is very essential
4. Kids must be watched carefully and their routine must be tracked so that any abnormality can be noticed.      

Finding Solutions for Heart Problems

These days there has been increase in various health issues. Though all the organs and parts of the body are equally important, it is essential to take care of them. As we all know that Heart is the key organ of a body, it is very essential that the heart is taken care of well. These days there are many heart problems popping up as well. Thanks to the advancements in the field of medicine because of which doctors have come with various heart treatments that solve almost all heart related problems. Let's have a look at some of the popular heat treatments:

Interventional cardiology: Interventional cardiology is considered as a breakthrough in the field of cardiology. Interventional cardiology is a stream of cardiology which deals with catheter based treatment for structural heart diseases. It also deals with many non surgical procedures to handle cardiovascular diseases. Interventional cardiology is a procedure in which the surgeon uses catheters that are thin, flexible tubes that help to get into the blood vessels and conduct diagnostic tests or to repair the damaged vessels.

Cardiac Valve Replacement in India: heart valves play a key role in pumping blood through the heart. These heart valves pump blood due to pressure which helps them to flap them like doors resulting to flow of blood and close immediately to prevent back flow of blood. When this blood pumping is affected then it is considered a problem with the heart valves. There is a minor possibility of heart valve damage and a serious problem like complete damage to the valves. In such situations the only solution available is the Cardiac Valve Replacement.

Cardiac Valve Replacement in India is a solution used to get rid of damaged heart valves in a clinical yet safe and successful way. A Cardiac Valve Replacement in India involves using mechanical valves made of plastic, carbon or metal as they are strong, long lasting and hassle free. In many cases, a heart valve when replaced it is said to be an Open Heart Valve Replacement Surgery.

This surgery as the name suggests is a surgery in which the surgery happens the functioning of the heart is stopped for some time to reach out to the valves but the patient is alive through a machine which acts like the heart during the surgery. Once the damaged valve is detected, it is removed and the artificial valve is sewn in that location. This surgery is done meticulously and amidst a surgical team that involves anesthesiologist, surgeon, cardiologist, respiratory therapist, and nurses.

With the advent of various cardio care treatments there has been an increase in the Cardiac Care Hospital as well. Not only exclusive cardiac care hospitals have come up but various other hospitals have started cardiac care centres in the existing facilities. Gone are the days when people use to travel to the US or UK for a cardio treatment. These days India hosts some of the world's best cardiac care hospitals.

Ayurvedic Skin Care for Natural Remedy of All Skin Problems

A glowing blemish free skin reflects not just the beauty of an individual but is a reflection of his health too. With increasingly more stress, pollution and chemical challenges that this natural protective barrier has to take up each day, it is imperative to ensure its health and vitality. Bombarding the skin with even more chemical stress in an attempt to relieve it of its imperfections is certainly not a solution. With Ayurvedic skin care solutions , time tested natural herbal remedies for common skin problems are utilised based on ancient Indian system of medicine. A wide range of ayurvedic products ranging from anti-acne creams ,lotions and facial masks, sun screen lotions to natural moisturisers and scrubs are available.

Ayurvedic system of medicine is based on the concept that all human illnesses and infirmities originate due to the defective body humors, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. The treatment is thus aimed not only at relieving symptoms but at eliminating the cause of the problem. This results in sustained long term relief.

Ayurvedic Skin Care products are also targeted at the underlying cause to maintain the homeostasis of the three humors. These products being absolutely naturopathic ensure that no damage or side effects are involved with the treatment as opposed to conventional chemical agents which are prone to cause harm.

Acne is common problem faced by teenagers due to hormonal imbalances related to the physiological changes occurring in their bodies. Some times the problem is transient while at times it extends over a prolonged time span. Acne can have negative impact the psychological front in the sufferer in today's world where aesthetics are a forerunner in personal as well as professional life.

Ayurveda offers effective natural anti -acne treatments. Attributing acne to underlying dosha of pitta, ayurvedic anti-acne treatments aims at identifying and demolishing the underlying cause. Turmeric and neem are natural anti microbial agents which can tackle the acne causing bacteria. Sandalwood with its soothing properties has a positive effect on inflamed skin. Apart from topical therapy, systemic therapy with aloe vera is effective. Ayurveda stresses upon avoidance of intake of foods which might alter the humoral balance. Thus avoidance of excessive alcohol , tea , coffee, spicy and fried food is recommended. Application of coriander juice and ground cumin seeds to the affected area is also beneficial.

Sunlight in the right amount is necessary for a healthy body and skin by the natural synthesis of vitamin D. But excessive exposure to the damaging radiations can have adverse effects on the skin. Thus protecting the skin from the harmful ultra violet radiations is mandatory. These radiation affect the skin by causing free radical damage affects the reparative capacity of the epithelial cells as well as weakening of the underlying dermal collagen.

All these effects result in pre mature aging , pigmentation and wrinkling. The application of Sun Screen Lotion protects the skin from all these damaging effects. Ayurvedic sun screen lotions contain natural blocking agents which not only protect the skin from radiation but also counteract the free radical damage and nourish the skin. Thus ayurvedic skin care is an effective and safe method to ensure age defying timeless beauty.

Tuesday, 24 January 2012

Latest Feature For iPad 3 In 2012

People still aren't over the beauty and finesse of the iPad 2, that has successfully taken a few steps ahead of its trailblazing predecessor, and now the iPad 3 is rumored to be launched in early 2012. It was heavily speculated earlier that the super-gadget will be launched in September of 2011. However, the month went off pretty uneventful except for the impending release and sale of iPhone 4S. In fact, the iPad 3 release date may very well be February 24, 2012, the birthday of Steve Jobs, as a tribute to the works and contribution of Apple's former CEO. So, your wait to update from your iPads seems to be getting over soon. Unsurprisingly, Jobs had announced 2011 to be the year of the iPad 2, hinting at the further delay in the iPad 3 release date much ahead and stimulating anxiety amongst prospective buyers of the gadget. It is rumored that the delay was declared to accommodate the release of A6 processor alongside iPad 3.

The iPad 2 was a slightly better upgrade of iPad, but the iPad 3 will be the real deal. Its rumors began circulating even before Apple launched iPad 2 in the market. Already daydreaming about the iPad 3? Ohh.... then, let's do it together! You can surely expect the iPad 3 to be better than its predecessors but there is so much that we would still want the iPad 3 to feature... if only it were a genie in a bottle. Go through the list below on what can we expect from iPad 3 based on market speculation reports. Hopefully, it is in sync with the latest technological developments with new and better features added to it apart from just upgrading the previous ones.

iPad 3 Features: Rumors

While there are some features we would like to see on the upcoming iPad 3 like - a built-in HDMI port, better notification system, one-touch button to access the home screen, personal media locker, an improved voice navigation system and GPS, the iPad 3 features listed below have a strong plausibility to turn into reality. Watch out for the must-have iPad 3 features.

Better Resolution

The iPad 3 may come with a retina display just like the one on the iPhone 4S, which is absolutely beautiful and pristine. The resolution on the iPad 3 is rumored to be as high as 2048 X 1536. This will mean 4 times the pixels and better image quality. Some bloggers have called this feature an uncalled-for addition. However, this one feature alone could help the existing tablet market leader, Apple, to capture a large market share from its competitors. LCD panels are to be supplied by Samsung, LG Display and Sharp.

Split Keyboard

I would call this a clever move on part of Apple to come up with a simple but much-called for innovation. It will now be easier to use two hands on the tablet and type quickly. The keyboard will split to the left and right hand side of the iPad 3 screen.

3D Display

Recently, a video was leaked showing an iPad with a 3D feature. So, you can expect a 3D glass-free experience with your iPad 3 if rumor mills are to be believed. You will easily be able to watch your videos at a pristine resolution with your friend from opposite sides as it sends images in different directions.

A5/A6 Processor

The CPU of iPad 2 is A5. Although we would love to see the iPad 3 run on the quad core A6 processor, it may run on the A5 processor too. However, A5 would need some tweaking so it runs faster and more efficiently to be in sync with the needs of the retina display. By June 2012, you may expect an upgrade to A6.

Upgraded GPU

iPad 3 will possibly come with an improved GPU. Some of its hardware manufacturers are ST-Ericsson and Texas Instruments. Hopefully, the GPU will match up with iPad 3 software iOS 5 to deliver an excellent user-experience.


If the iPad 3 comes with a Thunderbolt port, it will make multimedia transfer much faster. Also, it will give an excellent data connectivity speed. This technology is witnessed in MacBook Pro presently with a speed of 10 Gbps.


Samsung's Galaxy tabs 10.1 and 8.9, both are 8.6 mm thick. Although the iPad 2 is significantly lean at 8.8 mm thickness, Apple could deliver a slightly thicker tablet this time. The increase of 0.7 mm thickness can be attributed to the improvised retina display. That is a sacrifice we are all willing to make for breathtaking visuals.

Lighter Weight

iPad 2 was much lighter and sleeker than the iPad. Although thicker, we can expect a much lighter weight as one of the possible iPad 3 features with a carbon-fiber body. Let's hope that it will be somewhere close to 1 lb to match shoulders with Samsung's Galaxy Tab 10.1 and the PlayBook, which are lighter than the iPad 2.


Finally it's not just women, you will see your iPad 3 multi-task too! With the swipe of your four fingers. Literally. Yes, Apple is believed to soon take the swype technology to the next level. If this is true, you can easily switch between apps. Not just this, it will also make closing down apps an effortless task by just pinching icons.


The world is moving onto 4G with many Android gadgets, that were recently launched or are anticipated to be launched soon, sporting the fourth generation of LTE feature. The iPad 3 is also expected to have a 4G LTE as the recently released iOS 5 supports it too, this means now your videos will also buffer fast and the download speed would be like a breeze.

2GHz Dual-Core Processor

A 2GHz dual-core processor promises a better CPU speed. Since Apple is also planning to launch its A6 processor soon in the market, it will come with a new and improvised NFC chip set with a promise of better performance. This also increases the probability that Apple will release iPad 3 on a quad-core processor.

Better Speakers

Many iPad owners have also complained about the audio quality of its speakers that are located only on one corner of the iPad 2. So, if you are to rotate it for a landscape or vertical view, you'd end up with audio from only one direction. However, the rumored iPad 3 comes with stereo speakers and contributes to a better movie viewing experience, for which the previous tablets have often been used.

Camera Flash

There has been much talk about the original iPad's poor image capturing quality, in response to which, Apple launched its iPad 2 with a front camera to support video calling and a rear camera that zooms up to 5 times. However, it still did not have flash. Rumor has it that iPad 3 won't miss out this feature and may even come out with a 5MP camera. That would be a dream!

Longer Battery Life

It will be interesting to watch how Apple accommodates a better battery life on its iPad 3 with such powerful features like a retina display, 2048 X 1536 pixel resolution, a powerful processor and improved audio quality. The battery life of iPad 2 has been a disappointment to many.

SD Card Slot

One of the possible iPad 3 features is an SD card slot that will help you store your data externally too. This feature has been in great demand by all iPad owners because it has been missing in the previous versions that were available in the market for 16GB, 32GB and 64GB in-built storage capacity with a simultaneous increase in prices.

Built-in Cloud Services

This possible feature will set a trend for future tablets and smartphones. How does it make your iPad 3 better than the rest? It increases storage capacity within the iPad 3 alone so you can send and receive large data wirelessly, hence, you won't need much external storage. It fulfills your need for a large data storage device without slowing it down.

MagSafe Charger

MagSafe Chargers are currently being used in MacBooks by Apple. However, you may soon see them in newer versions of the original iPad. MagSafe chargers will provide protection against power fluctuations as well as it will shockproof the hardware considerably. If you were to accidentally trip over the charger, it will save the tablet from some damage.

Your MOM!

Well, that is the first thing that popped up in my head when I first heard of this new feature that may be a part of the enhancement plan for your iPad. I am absolutely referring to mothers here. This forthcoming release from Apple turns to-do lists in to smart programs that will remind you task(s) based upon your location. Quite a smart utilization of mobile GPS, I must admit. Whether it is as effective as mothers is a subject of debate post its release.

This time around, the iPad 3 will probably be compatible with both CDMA and GSM networks. Also, it will be available in black and white color. Your iPad 3 may have a 9.7 inches display this time, which will make it 2 inches shorter than the iPad 2. While a larger display will improve video viewing experience on 3D technology, it would be fascinating to see how Apple prevents this from hindering iPad 3's expected lightweight feature and help it compete with its competitors. While it may be too soon to comment, the iPad 3 prices are likely to follow iPad 2's footsteps, at around $499 as a starting price as there is an anticipated $100 drop in the latter's prices.

This year, Pegatron has acquired the manufacturing rights for Apple's iPad 3, over Foxconn reportedly due to the latter's poor work conditions making headlines. The ongoing speculation about the slated launch of iPad 2 Plus close to the iPhone 5 release date has created much furor about the features you can expect in these gadgets and the day when iPad 3 will be really coming out. It is almost the end of 2011 and there have been no official announcements from Apple regarding the release dates of its forthcoming gadgets. After the fire that broke out in one of Pegatron's factories that was manufacturing back panels for iPad 3, the disruption in the supply chain may cause further delay in its launch. Do not be surprised if you get to see your beloved iPad 3 in March or April 2012.

Plastic Surgery in India: Technological Innovation

Innovation in the area of technology and science has revolutionized the way people live their lives. With such an innovation and development in the field of science and technology, medical sector has benefitted a lot. Today, all those complications and diseases that were incurable are now easily being treated.

Cosmetic surgery has allowed people to look the way they want to look. It helps people to remove unwanted features from their body. Hence, cosmetic surgery has become very popular all over the world.

Plastic Surgery India is offered at a very reasonable cost. Medical tourism in India has developed to a great extent. This is because of the successful efforts of Indian and international doctors. In fact, Government of India encourages people from all over the world to come to India for cosmetic or plastic surgery. India offers low cost treatment combined with the professional quality and proficiency of experienced surgeons. Therefore, people who are looking for best and low-cost services in the field of cosmetic surgery should visit India for treatment. Mumbai and Delhi are the best places in India for such a treatment.

Types of Cosmetic Surgery Available in India

Face lift, dimple creation, nose reshaping surgery, butt augmentation and hair restoration are very common. Other types of cosmetic surgeries like Lip Reduction, Breast Reduction, Vaser Liposuction, Mastopexy and Abdominoplasty are also getting very popular among people.

Face Lift

A non-surgical face lift can boost the overall appearance of your face. It can remove your fine lines and wrinkles. Non-surgical face lift procedure is not very expensive and includes very short recovery time period. Non-surgical Face Lift India has many techniques, for example, the micro current face lift, laser face lift, skin tightening, etc.

Breast lift Surgery

Sue to factors such as nursing, force of gravity and pregnancy, breasts start losing their firmness and shape. They begin to sag. Breast lift surgery helps to reshape and raise those sagging breasts. This surgery solves the problem for a definite time-period. No breast lift surgery can delay the effects of gravity for life long. To reduce the size of the areola, people can go for a cosmetic surgery called Mastopexy.

Breast Augmentation

Some women go for breast augmentation surgery to have perky and full looking breasts. The advancement of science and technology has made breast implants possible and successful. This kind of surgery does not have any side effects also, for example, breast cancer or tumour.

People going for such cosmetic surgeries should make sure that the selected surgeon should completely and perfectly understand the patient's desires. The success of cosmetic surgery depends upon the surgeon's qualification and experience. Cosmetic surgeon India is considered to be world-best surgeons. While selecting a surgeon for your treatment, references also play an important role. Besides this, do not forget to ensure the standard of facilities being offered.

3D Scanner – A Multipurpose Digital Media

The term 3D scanning refers to a process of obtaining the accurate information of a physical object for the measurement purpose. The device used in this method is called 3D Scanner.  It is a fast and correct technique of putting measurements of an object onto the computer in an organized manner, resulting in what is commonly called 3D scan data. Once it is digital, all of the dimensions can be taken, such as volume, width, height, feature location, feature size, surface area, length, etc.

White Light Scanning describes a variety of 3D scanning devices, a known pattern of light (usually white) uses sensors to capture images of the object. Multiple sensors can be used to achieve this result.

Photogrammetry is a practice based on standard projective and photography geometry, the principle behind this is to take multiple images of an object and automatically or manually reference the common points in each photograph. To detect this, a two dimensional information machine vision is used, for example bar codes, to sort packages etc. In this process, a pair of sensors is positioned at a known distance from a part, taking two images all together and by manipulative the difference of every point of the two images, 3D measurements of entire scenes can be created.

In addition, 3D CT (computed tomography) or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans are obtained by stacking a series of CT or MRI scans on each other in software. This technology was originally developed for the medical field but is now growing into industrial and manufacturing applications as well.

You can find companies providing 3D Scanning Services best of the facilities in their respective field. The Benefits of scanning services are:

• Quality investigation on the project
• Multiple scanning processes and merge parts.
• Instant inspection report.
• Collecting key data of critical dimensions and specifications.
• Precise and cost-effective service

The 3D Scanning software is used to complete the scanning. There are various software’s available in the market, few of them are mentioned below:

Avizo Fire 7: Enriched visualization, quantification tools, segmentation and powerful image processing commands to advanced measurement tools provided by this software provide faster and better classification of more complex materials and structures.

Galileos 3D Imaging: This software completes the communication between hardware and software, by providing a single source for diagnostics, treatment especially in the areas of implantology, planning, orthodontics, maxillofacial surgery, etc. It is used in the precise measurement of bone structure, anatomical features and teeth inspection.

Flex Light X3: This platform contains a 2GB dual camera frame capture functionality that works with a user-programmable pattern generating system.

Elekta Software: It helps professionals to confirm that the margins around the tumor that they have applied during the planning stage are as small as possible, so that it can protect healthy uninvolved tissues.

Trackers are a class of 3D Scanning System, works to track the position of a measuring device. Multiple techniques are used to track this device including magnetic position, laser, optical position and acoustic position.

Monday, 23 January 2012

Looking Amazing World Famous Funny Picture

World’s Longest Nose – Mehmet Ozyurek

World’s Biggest Eyes – Kim Goodman

World’s Longest Ears

World’s Longest Eyebrow – Leonard Traenkenschuh

World’s Longest Moustache – Badamsinh Juwansinh Gurjar

World’s Longest Beard – Sarwan Singh

World’s Longest Ear Hair – Radhakant Bajpai

World’s Longest Hair – Chenq Shiquin

World’s Biggest Head – Andre The Giant

World’s Longest Neck – Padaung Women

World’s Biggest Biceps – Greg Valentino

World’s Biggest Hand Palms – Leonid Ivanovych Stadnyk

World’s Longest Fingernails – Lee Redmond

World’s Longest Legs – Svetlana Pankratova

World’s Longest Tongue – Stephen Taylor


World’s Largest Mouth – Francisco Domingo Joaquim


Thursday, 19 January 2012

Different Types of Dinosaur History

Dinosaurs dominated the earth for more than 160 million years, from the late Triassic period to the end of Cretaceous period. The name 'Dinosaur' was derived from the Greek words, 'denios', meaning terrible or powerful, and 'sauros', meaning lizard. The term was coined by the famous English biologist Sir Richard Owen in 1842. On the basis of the structure of their hips or pelvic bones, they are generally divided into two orders, namely lizard-hipped or Saurischian dinosaurs, and bird-hipped or Ornithischian dinosaurs. They can also be classified as carnivorous or meat-eating, herbivorous or plant-eating, and omnivorous or both plant and meat-eating dinosaurs. Here is an account of the different types of dinosaurs, that once thrived on earth.


Acrocanthosaurus was a carnivorous bipedal i.e. two-footed dinosaur, that mainly lived in present North America about 125 to 100 million years ago, during mid Cretaceous period. Its fossil was first discovered in Oklahoma, Texas. It usually grew up to a length of 40 feet and weighed 2.4 tons. The distinguishing feature of this dinosaur was the large neural spine on the vertebrae, extending from the neck to the upper tail, which was presumed to act as a reservoir of fat and temperature regulator. Its forelimbs were strongly built, but stiff and short. The head was long and narrow, while the tail was heavy and long. This heavy tail helped in balancing the weight of the head and the body.


Albertosaurus mainly inhabited North America during the late Cretaceous period, approximately 76 to 74 million years ago. The first specimen of this animal, a partial skull was found in 1884 near Red Deer River in Alberta, Canada. The forelimbs of this meat-eating bipedal dinosaur were very small with two fingers, while the hindlimbs were long with four-toed foot. The weight of this 26 feet long dinosaur was 3 tons. It had a massive head with sharp teeth. The name Albertosaurus was given by an American geologist and paleontologist, Henry Fairfield Osborne.


Allosaurus, the huge predator lived in the late Jurassic and early Cretaceous period, about 154 to 135 million years ago in North America. However, few fossil specimens were also discovered in Africa and Australia. The name was derived from the Greek words, 'allos', meaning strange or different, and 'saurus', meaning large dinosaurs.

Allosaurus was generally 30 feet long, though some of them grew up to 39 feet. This bipedal dinosaur had a large head with sharp teeth and a short neck. Hindlimbs were large and powerful, while the forelimbs were comparatively small and three-fingered. The weight of the body was counterbalanced by a heavy, long tail. They were supposed to hunt in groups and were at the top of the food chain. It is believed that they used to hunt not only the large herbivorous dinosaurs, but even the predators or the carnivorous dinosaurs.


Gigantosaurus could grow up to a length of 43 feet, and the largest of them were estimated to be 6.2 tons. Gigantosaurus inhabited Argentina, almost 93 to 89 million years ago during the late Cretaceous period. The fossil of this huge animal was discovered in 1993 by Ruben Carolini in southern Argentina. The animal was supposed to have a good sense of smell, as a well-developed olfactory region was found in the brain.

Tyrannosaurus rex

This bipedal carnivorous dinosaur with a massive skull and long, heavy tail lived in North America and Asia in the late Cretaceous period, about 93 to 89 million years ago. The average length of this huge animal was 39 feet, however the largest specimen found till now is 42 feet long. The average height was estimated to be 20 feet, while the average weight was 7 tons. Before the discovery of Gigantosaurus, it was thought to be the largest dinosaurs.

Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner, and hence thought to be mainly a scavenger. Forelimbs were small, but strongly built, and the hindlimbs were the longest among theropod dinosaurs in comparison to body size. Two-clawed fingers were present in the hindlimbs, while remnant of a third finger could also be detected. The skull was wide at the rear, but narrow at snout. The jaw contained curved large teeth, the largest being 30 cm in length, and was the largest for any carnivorous dinosaur.


Spinasourus or spine lizards inhabited the earth almost 95 to 70 million years ago. According to previous estimation, its average length was 39 feet and weight was 7 tons. However, recent studies have shown that, it was a giant animal that weighed about 9 tons with a length of 51 feet, which makes it the largest known carnivores. The distinguishing feature of this dinosaur was the presence of 6 feet long, fin-shaped spine on its back, which was supposed to assist in temperature regulation. Its skull was 1.75 meter long, one of the largest skull of any carnivore.


Achelousaurus was believed to be the transitional form between the ceratopsians (horned dinosaurs) and the hornless ones. It lived in North America during Cretaceous period about 83 to 74 million years ago. The average length of this animal was about 20 feet, while the weight was 6 tons. The first fossil specimen was discovered in 1995 by Scott Sampson in Montana, and was named after Achelous, the deity of Greek mythology. The characteristic feature of Achelousaurus are, a parrot-like beak, a rough boss or circular projection on the snout and behind the eyes and a long bony-neck frill with two horns.


Alamosaurus was a massive herbivorous dinosaur that inhabited North America and present day southwestern part of United States during late Cretaceous period, between 70 to 65 million years ago. The average weight of this animal was estimated to be 33 tons, and it usually grew up to a length of 69 feet. The first fossil was found in 1992 by Charles W. Gilmore. Its neck and tail were remarkably long.


Apatosaurus was a plant eater, about 70 feet long, that lived in the late Jurassic period almost 157 to 146 million years ago in western North America. The average weight of this giant animal was estimated to be 33 tons. Earlier, it was thought that due to its heavy weight, it could not support its weight on land, and hence remained submerged in water. However, recent discoveries do not support this conviction. The most distinguishing and interesting feature of this animal was the large long-neck and the long whip-like tail, which was used for defense. Its forelimbs were slightly larger than the hindlimbs, and the skull was comparatively small.


Brachiosaurus lived on earth during the late Jurassic period and even in the early Cretaceous period almost 156 to 145 million years ago. It was 75 feet long, 41 feet tall and weighed around 89 tons. It was so long that, it could reach for the foliage at the top of the trees. It is one of the largest as well as heaviest land animals for which a complete skeleton exists.


The first fossil of this dinosaur was found in 1877 by S.W. Williston. The name 'Diplodocus' was derived from the Greek words, 'diploos', meaning double and 'dokos', meaning beam. The characteristic feature was the double-beamed chevron bones present in the undersurface of the tail. It lived in North America during Jurassic period about 145 million years ago. Legs of Diplodocus were very strong, and the forelimbs were slightly shorter than the hindlimbs. Head was small as compared to the size of the body.

Dinosaurs became extinct from the face of Earth about 65 million years ago. But, scientists think that many animals have descended from dinosaurs through the evolutionary process. Due to the similarity between theropod dinosaurs and birds, dinosaurs are thought to be direct ancestors of birds. Many biologists are of the opinion that they should be grouped under one biological class. Crocodiles are also regarded to be another close relative of dinosaurs, that are still thriving on the planet Earth.

World Famous Women History

There are many famous women around the world. Women have excelled in the fields of arts and literature, politics and governance and also in the field of science and inventions. Here we look at some of the famous women around the world, who paved the way and have shown that women are on par with men in their accomplishments. 

World Famous Women in Ancient History

Though most of the rulers of the ancient world were kings and pharaohs, there are a few women rulers who wielded power and influence. There were queens, empresses, saints and other women rulers who ruled their kingdom in their own name. These women had great influence on their subjects. Here are a few of the most powerful women who controlled their kingdom with the rule of thumb. 

Artemisia: Artemisia ascended the throne after the death of her husband. She was proclaimed the ruler of Halicarnassus (present day Turkey). Xerxes was the ruler of a state, which was the part of the Persian Empire. Artemisia helped Xerxes defeat the Greeks in the naval battle of Salamis. She supported Xerxes by sending her men and five of her warships. Artemisia became a threat to the Greeks. Greeks were ready to reward anybody who would capture Artemisia. However, no one succeeded. 

Boudicca: Also known as Boadicea, she was the queen of the Iceni tribes. She was known as the warrior queen. She led a revolt against the Roman occupation in East England (present day Norfolk and Suffolk). 

Cartimandua: Cartimandua was also known as "sleek pony", that probably was the meaning of her name. She was the Queen of Brigantes. Bringantes were the largest English tribal community. As Queen of Bringantes, she signed a treaty of peace with the Romans who invaded England. She ruled as client of Rome. 

Cleopatra: Cleopatra was the Queen of Egypt. She is also known as Cleopatra VII and Cleopatra VII Philopator. She was famed for her beauty. She was associated with famous Roman rulers such as Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. Cleopatra was the last pharaoh of Egypt and the last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. 

Queen Elizabeth I: Queen Elizabeth I was known as the Virgin Queen. She ascended the throne of England in 1558. Queen Elizabeth I was the last ruler of the Tudor Dynasty. She knew six languages and her reign was considered the golden period in English history. 

Hatshepsut: Hatshepsut was a Pharaoh of Egypt. After the death of her husband, she reigned over Egypt until her son Thutmose III, grew up. Hatshepsut was endowed with many titles and powers. She called herself the "Female Horus". She wore ceremonial clothing of male Pharaohs and a false beard.

Queen Isabella: She was the Queen of Castile. She along with her husband King Ferdinand, conquered Granada and Spain. She was instrumental in sponsoring Christopher Columbus's voyage to America. Queen Isabella made many reforms in the Spanish society before she died. She opened schools and reformed the church in Spain. 

Catherine the Great: Her real name was Sophie Fredericke Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst. She was a German princess married to Grand Duke of Holstein. After marriage, she moved her base to Russia. The Russians overthrew the duke from power and proclaimed Sophie as their empress. She was named as Empress Catherine II. She won two important battles against the Ottoman Empire and extended the borders of Russia to the shores of Black Sea. She signed agreements with Prussia and Austria that led to the partition of Poland. Because of this treaty, Russia acquired more area in Europe. She made reforms in the government and gave importance to education and literacy. Catherine the Great supported westernization. 

Joan of Arc: She was also known, as Jeanne d'Arc. When she was a girl, she had visions of the angels asking her to free France from the clutches of the English army. Shortly, the King of France sent Joan with a French army to Orleans. Here for the first time, the French defeated the English. With her help, the French won more battles against the English. However, she failed in capturing Paris, only because her army was not given ample supply of resources. Her victories made it possible for Dauphin to be crowned as King Charles VII. She was later burned to death at the stakes. In May 1920, the Catholic Church of Vatican gave her sainthood. 

Cleopatra Thea: Cleopatra Thea was the Syrian queen who exercised power after the death of her husband. She ruled Syria, until her son grew up to succeed the throne.

Elen Luyddog: Elen Luyddog is also known as "Helen of the Hosts". She was a Celtic princess who married a Roman soldier, who later became the Emperor of Gaul. He proclaimed her as the Empress. After his death, she returned to Britain. Here she propagated Christianity and Christianized the Britons. 

Queen Victoria: Queen Victoria ascended the throne of England on her eighteenth birthday. Her reign is known as the Victorian Era. Under her rule, England progressed socially and economically. Since India was under the rule of the British, Victoria was known as the Empress of India. Queen Victoria broadened the suffrage to include English women, when she passed the Reform Acts of 1867 and 1884. The Victorian Era came to an end, when she died at the age of 83. 

Nefertiti: Nefertiti was an Egyptian queen, renowned for her classical beauty. Her husband was Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (later known as Akhenaten). She was instrumental in promoting the Aten cult or worship of sun god in ancient Egypt.

Queen Olympias: Olympias was the Queen of Macedonia and wife of King Philip II. She was the mother of Alexander the Great. She was known as snake charmer. After the death of Alexander the Great, she became the regent queen of Macedonia till her grandson Alexander IV, was crowned. Cassander, one of her enemies, later murdered her. 

Queen Zenobia: Zenobia was a warrior queen, who fought against the Romans. She was the Queen of Palmyra. The soldiers held her in high esteem because she fought like a man on frontline. She conquered Phoenicia and Palestine. She defeated the Roman army at the frontiers of Egypt. 

Queen Tomyris: After the death of her husband, Tomyris became the queen of Massagetai. Cyrus, a Persian king captured Spargapises, the son of Tomyris, on the sly. Spargapises committed suicide. This enraged the queen and she led an army against King Cyrus and eventually killed him. 

Queen Samsi: Queen Samsi (Shamsi) was an Arabian who fought against King Tiglath Pileser III of Assyria. She also provided aid to the King of Damascus against Tiglath Pileser III. Queen was not willing to pay tribute to him and had to battle with the Assyrian army. However, she lost the battle and surrendered and was allowed to rule. However, the King of Assyria stationed an officer at her court to collect the tribute. 

Trung Sisters: Trung Trac and Trung Nhi were the daughters of a Vietnamese lord. Vietnam was under the Chinese rule during the first two centuries. However, under the leadership of these two sisters, Vietnamese rebelled against the Chinese. The Trung sisters trained around 36 women to become generals. They gathered an army of 80,000 people to defeat the Chinese. Trung Trac became the ruler and was known as Trung Vuong. 

Rani Laxmi Bai: She was an Indian princess who was married to Gangadhar Roa, the king of Jhansi. After the death of her husband, she became the throne Queen of Jhansi. She recruited women in the army. In 1857 mutiny, she led an army against the British rule in India, but lost the battle. She is one of the renowned women in the history of India.

World Famous Women Entrepreneurs

"We entrepreneurs are loners, vagabonds, troublemakers. Success is simply a matter of finding and surrounding ourselves with those open-minded and clever souls who can take our insanity and put it to good use." - Anonymous 

Traditionally, entrepreneurship is a male dominated arena. Many of the women today are business savvy and have made their stance felt. Women entrepreneurs have exhibited leadership and decision-making capabilities. They are not only career oriented, but also know tactics of striking a balance between family and work. Here we look at the popular women entrepreneurs. 

Martha Stewart: Martha Helen Kostyra is the real name of Martha. Stewart. She was listed twice by Fortune magazine as one of the "50 Most Powerful Women". She is not only a television host, but also an author and magazine publisher. She is an American business magnate who founded Martha Stewart Crafts and Martha Stewart Collection of home utilities. She served as the Chairman, President and CEO of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia. 

Oprah Winfrey: She is the anchor of the ever-famous Oprah Winfrey show. Oprah Winfrey is an African-American who is a broadcasting pioneer and an entertainment entrepreneur. She is the founder of Harpo Studios, Harpo Films and Oprah Magazine for women. Oprah Winfrey Foundation was created to educate women and children. She is the first African-American woman to become a billionaire. 

Eliza Lucas Pinckney: She is an Antigua-American who is known as the first lady agriculturists of America. She introduced quality blue indigo dye in the mid 18th century, when the textile industry was booming. The indigo dye of Eliza Pinckney ranked second as an export product. Later, she went on to produce figs, flax, hemp and silk. She was the first woman to be inducted into the Business Hall of Fame in South Carolina.

Mary Katherine Goddard: Mary Goddard, an American, was the first woman publisher and printer of the late 18th century. She is also the first female postmaster of America. However, she is most famous for printing the first copy of the "Declaration of Independence" that included the names of all those who signed the draft. 

Lydia Pinkham: Also known as Ann Landers or Dr Ruth, she was a noted entrepreneur of the late 19th century. She founded the company known as "Pinkham's Vegetable Compound". Here she manufactured herbal medicinal products and also patented the medicines. She also emphasized on woman's health issues.

Olive Ann Beech: She co-founded the Beech Aircraft Corp in 1932. During the World War II, Beech Aircraft Corp manufactured two hundred and seventy aircraft of the Beech Model 17 Staggerwing for the US Army. By the late 20th century, Olive Ann had transformed Beech Aircraft Corp into a multimillion-dollar aerospace company. 

Elizabeth Arden: Florence Nightingale Graham founded the cosmetic company Elizabeth Arden. Initially, Elizabeth Arden manufactured beauty creams. She was the first person to introduce eye make-up in America. In 1966, Elizabeth Arden was at par with Singer (sewing machine) and Coca-cola.

Brown Wise: She is known for her marketing skills, and has headed the sales division of the Tupperware Home Parties, Inc. In mid 20th century, Wise recruited thousands of women for Tupperware Home Parties. She was the first woman to appear on the cover of Business Week. She became a household name in America because of her marketing strategies and also due to her articles in magazines and newspaper. 

Estee Lauder: Josephine Esther Mentzer is the real name of Estee Lauder. She co-founded Estee Lauder with her husband Joseph Lauder. This company is pioneer in the manufacture of cosmetic products. Time magazine recognized her as one of the 20 influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She has received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Estee Lauder is a Fortune 500 company. 

Ruth Handler: Ruth Handler created the toy doll Barbie. This doll was named after her daughter Barbara. Her toy company Mattel Inc debuted Barbie in 1959 and within five years grew to become a Fortune 500 company. 

Mary Kay Ash: Mary Kay Ash is the founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics. She was named as the "Most Outstanding Woman in Business" in the 20th century. Fortune magazine recognized Mary Kay Inc as one of the top 100 American companies to work for. Today, Mary Kay Inc has presence in nineteen countries and has over 350,000 consultants. Giving incentives to the best employees was one of her best strategies. During her lifetime, she authored around three books that are all best selling. 

Coco Chanel: Considered one of the famous innovators of the 20th century, Coco Chanel introduced styles, fabrics and articles of clothing that are worn by men and women. She introduced the signature perfume "Chanel No.5". It was the first perfume to bear the designer's name and still is one of the best-selling fragrances around the globe.

Debbie Fields: She is the founder of the dessert known as "Mrs. Fields Cookies". From a humble beginning, she is today recognized as one of the famous women entrepreneurs. She has an entrepreneurial experience of 25 years. Debbie Fields has authored two bestseller cookbooks. She has 600 stores in the US and has presence in ten countries. 

Madame C.J. Walker: Sarah Breedlove McWilliams known as Madame C.J. Walker, was the first African-American millionaire of the early 20th century. She revolutionized the cosmetics and hair care industry. Her honest business dealings and quality products paid off when she became a millionaire. Her most famous product is "Madame Walker's Wonderful Hair Grower". She opened a college in Pittsburgh to train her hair culturist. One of the employees, Marjorie Joyner, invented a permanent wave machine in 1908 that became very popular among the elite class of America. She made her fortune in fifteen years. 

Anita Roddick: Anita Roddick is the founder and owner of "The Body Shop", one of the retailers of cosmetics and related products. Apart from being a famous entrepreneur, she is also a social activist. Anita Roddick was a strong campaigner for public health, social and environmental causes. 

World Famous Women Writers

Women have excelled in the field of literature also. The authors such as George Eliot, Mary Shelley, Enid Blyton, Agatha Christie are remembered even today for their literary works. There are many women poets, whose works are held in high esteem even today. Take a look at some of world's famous women writers. 

Alice Walker: She is an African-American author. Most of her works are based on issues such as racism and gender. Her novel "The Color Purple" won the Pulitzer Prize. 

Anna Laetitia Aikin: She was a British poet who lived in the 18th century. She is also known by her married name Barbauld. She has written many poems. "The Rights Of Women", "A Thought On Death", "The Caterpillar" are some of her famous poems that are revered by readers around the world.

Agatha Christie: Agatha Christie is a popular mystery writer of the 19th century. More than one billion copies of her books have been sold. Her books have been translated into 45 languages. Famous detectives Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple are characters who solve mysteries in her books. "Harlequin Tea Set And Other Stories", "The Regatta Mystery And Other Stories" are a collection of short stories penned by her. 

Enid Blyton: Enid Blyton is a British children's author. She has written 800 books in 40 years. Her notable works are "Noddy", "The Enchanted Wood" and "Famous Five" series. She has also written few books in a pseudonym Mary Pollock. Children around the globe love her books. 

Anita Desai: Anita Desai is an Indian writer of the 20th century. She received many national and international awards for her literary works. Her books "In Custody" and "Fasting, Feasting" were short listed for Booker Prize. 

Kiran Desai: Kiran Desai is an Indian author who received a Man Booker Prize for her work "The Inheritance Of Loss" in the year 2006. This was her second book. Her first novel was "Hullabaloo In The Guava Orchard".

Maya Angelou: Marguerite Ann Johnson is an African-American poet, actress and memoirist. She writes under pen name Maya Angelou. Maya Angelou is famous for her six autobiographies starting with "I know Why The Caged Bird Sings". "Just Give Me A Cool Drink Of Water 'Fore I Die" is a volume of poetry which was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. Maya Angelou participated in the American Civil Rights Movement. 

J.K. Rowling: Joanna Rowling is her real name. She is a British author, who has gained popularity through her Harry Potter series. She is a noted philanthropist. Movies have been made based on her book series.

Phillis Wheatley: She is an African-American poet of the 18th century. The poetry of Phillis Wheatley created the genre of African-American literature. Some of her popular poems include "An Address To The Atheist", "Atheism" and many more.

The Bronte Sisters: The three world famous sisters who lived in the 19th century are Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and Anne Bronte. They were British authors. "Jane Eyre", "Wuthering Heights" and "Agnes Gray" were written by Charlotte, Emily and Anne respectively. These books are classical best sellers even today.

Margaret Atwood: She is a famous Canadian writer. Her works includes poetry, criticism, children's books, fiction and critical essays. "The Edible Woman", "Cat's Eye", "Lady Oracle", "The Robber Bride" and "Lie Before Man" are some of her notable works. 

Jane Austen: She is a British writer who lived between the late 18th century and the early 19th century. She laid emphasis on the English middle class rural life. She introduced the concepts of marriage and social classes in her literary works. "Emma", "Sense and Sensibility", "Pride and Prejudice" are some of her famous books. A couple of her books "Lady Susan", "Sanditon" and "The Watsons" were left unfinished.

Louisa May Alcott: Louisa May Alcott is an American author of the 19th century. Her pen name was Barnard. She has written many adult stories. "Little Women" was her best work. This novel is based on her childhood experiences that she shared with her sisters. 

Harriet Beecher Stowe: Harriet is an American author who lived in the 19th century. She has written almost ten books for adults. However, she became famous for the novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin". 

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: Mary Shelley was the wife of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. She was born in a family that patronized art and literature. She is known for her work, "Frankenstein".

Virginia Woolf: She is a British writer who lived in the early 20th century. "Mrs Dalloway", "To The Lighthouse" and "The Waves" are some of her popular books.

George Eliot: This is the pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans. "Middlemarch", "The Mill On The Floss" and "Silas Marner" are few of her renowned works. She is British writer of the 19th century.

Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald: Zelda is an American writer who lived in the 20th century. Her best work is an autobiography called "Save Me the Waltz". It is claimed she was an inspiration for some of the heroines in the works of her husband, Scott Fitzgerald. 

Isabel Allende:Isabel is a Peruvian writer of the 20th century. She is one of the best Latin-American writers. Her popular works include "The House Of Spirits", "Of Love And Shadows", "The Infinite Plan" and "The Stories Of Eva Luna". 

Julia Alvarez: Julia Alvarez is not only a novelist, but also an essayist and a poet. She is a native of Dominican Republic. Her popular novels are "In The Times Of The Butterflies" and "How The Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents". "In the Times of the Butterflies" was made into a motion picture starring Salma Hayek, Marc Anthony and Edward James Olmos. 

Rebecca Harding Davis: Rebecca Blaine is an American journalist and author who lived in the 19th century. One of her most important literary works is a novel, "Life In The Iron Mills", "Men's Rights" and "Here And There In The South" are some of her famous essays.

Zora Neale Hurston: Zora Neale Hurston is an African-American folklorist and author. "Their Eyes Were Watching God" is her best work. The other literary works of Hurston include "Moses, Man Of The Mountain" and many more. Her works were published at the time of Harlem Renaissance. 

Maxine Hong Kingston: Maxine is an Asian-American novelist. "The Woman Warrior" and "Tripmaster Monkey" are some of her notable works. She has received literary awards such as National Humanities Medal, National Book Award and National Book Critics Circle Award. 

Bharati Mukherjee: Mukherjee is an Indian-American novelist. She is also a short-story writer and an essayist. Her notable works include "Jasmine", "The Tiger's Daughter" and "Wife".

Anzia Yezierska: A Polish-American who lived during the late 19th century, Anzia Yezierska wrote about the struggles of Jewish and Puerto Rican immigrants. Her notable works include "Bread Givers", "Hungry Hearts (collection of short stories), and "The Open Cage".